Affiliated with Université Laval & CERVO Research Centre

A Wireless Optoelectronic Neuroscience Platform for Chronic Fluorescence Sensing in Freely Behaving Rodents.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc, Volume 2018, p.1608-1611 (2018)

Keywords:

Animals, Biosensing Techniques, Fluorescence, Nervous System, Rodentia, Wireless Technology

Abstract:

<p>We present a new head mountable wireless fiber biophotometry microsystem conceived to detect fluorescent signal fluctuations correlated with neuronal activity. The proposed system incorporates all aspects of a conventional tethered fiber-based biophotometry system encompassed into a wireless microsystem. The interface includes an LED as excitation light source, a custom designed CMOS biosensor, a multimode fiber, a microcontroller (MCU), and a wireless data transceiver enclosed within a 3D-printed, small and light weight, plastic housing. Precisely, the system incorporates a new optoelectronic biosensor merging two individual building blocks, namely a low-noise sensing front-end and $\mathrm {a}2 ^{nd}$ order continuous-time $\Sigma \Delta $ modulator (CTSDM), into a single module for enabling high-sensitivity and high energy-efficiency photo-sensing. The proposed CMOS biosensor is implemented in $\mathrm {a}0 .18- \mu m$ CMOS technology, consuming $41 \mu W$ from $\mathrm {a}1 .8- V$ supply voltage, while achieving a peak dynamic range of $86 dB$ over a $50- Hz$ input bandwidth at a 20-kS/s sampling rate. This new interface opens new avenues for conducting in-vivo experiments with live animals.</p>